10 page Structure of the Paper The assignment should follow all basic APA 7th edition writing and formatting. Each area should be treated as a separate

10 page Structure of the Paper

The assignment should follow all basic APA 7th edition writing and formatting. Each area should be treated as a separate

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Structure of the Paper

The assignment should follow all basic APA 7th edition writing and formatting. Each area should be treated as a separate section with multiple paragraphs for each.

10 pages (not include cover page and reference page)

INTRODUCTION

State the specific health objective (including its number).

State the specific topic area (and sub-topic area if appropriate) under which the objective appears.

State the target that is desired for the objective (do not list the baseline here; you will do that in another section).

Briefly describe why this is an important topic and objective to public health in no more than two sentences.

(in 1 paragraph)

HISTORY AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE HEALTH ISSUE

This section should clearly reflect how the disease or health condition of your objective “came to be” and its current status statistically.

History

Present the
history
of the disease or health condition the objective seeks to address. Describe the historical development of the disease/condition (i.e., when did it first appear/was it first identified historically). Include, if appropriate, any interesting historical facts or issues regarding the disease/health condition.

Development:

Then, describe the
development
of the disease or health condition. Include all of the following in your description: exactly what the disease/condition is, including body parts affected; how and why it develops or occurs; the “natural history/course” of the disease/condition; how the disease/condition is diagnosed; its range of severity and/or progression; short- and long-term health outcomes, and any predictors of, risk factors for, or potential causes of the disease/condition.

End this section with a discussion of time trends in the occurrence of the disease/ condition. Discuss how these patterns have changed over time. The trends should be actual data of the disease/condition over time. Time trend data can be found directly on your objective’s page.

Epidemiology:

Provide current and specific information that shows the magnitude, scope, and distribution of the disease/condition. Provide data in terms of its incidence, prevalence, morbidity, and mortality rates in the U.S. If your disease is one of the leading causes of death, include this as well. Rates may not exist or be appropriate for some health issues. However, include as much relevant statistical information that is available for your issue. You may have to look broadly through various sources to obtain these rates for your issue.

In addition to your four rates, provide the specific demographics for your disease/condition in terms of who gets it, at what ages, etc. This data should be presented according to age, gender, race/ethnicity, income and/or educational status, geography, and any other relevant demographics. In this discussion, clearly identify populations, groups, or communities that are impacted most by your disease/condition (i.e., health disparities for the disease/condition).

The epi section should be full of numbers/data! Be sure to present this data as actual rates and percentages of occurrence, not raw numbers, which tell us very little.

RESEARCH FINDINGS

Policies and Programs:

Identify and discuss at least
three
policies or programs that have targeted the disease/ condition to address the achievement of your objective. These should be specific policies or programs, and not merely conceptual models or approaches. Discuss each program or policy in a separate paragraph. Also, address any specific research findings that contribute to our understanding of how best to achieve the health objective. All of these areas should be well-documented.

Surveillance and Measurement:

Discuss the surveillance and measurement of your objective. Name the specific surveillance system(s) for measuring and tracking your objective. Describe how the objective is being measured and tracked. Identify the specific questions, data sets, and surveillance methods being used currently to measure the objective.


Make a clear statement on how effective you believe these procedures are for measuring and tracking the objective. Document your position. Then, discuss
both
facilitators and barriers to measurement of the objective (i.e., which of these procedures are assisting with measurement and which are hindering or impeding measurement).

IMPROVEMENT OVER BASELINE

Write a strong statement about the feasibility of meeting your objective. How realistic was the setting of the objective in relation to likelihood of improvement over baseline?

To build your statement, state the objective baseline and compare it to the current status of the objective (i.e., its prevalence for the last year reported in HP 2020). If the objective was included in the 2010 objectives, was it met? Consult the HP 2010 Final Review for your objective topic to obtain this information. (This will help you to consider if it is feasible to be met by 2020 and whether the objective was realistic). If your objective was not included in HP 2010, skip this step. Consult the HP 2020 Midcourse Review to learn the status of your objective at midpoint (This also will help you to consider if the objective is feasible to be met by 2020). Support your statement with at least

three

pieces of data related to identification of the baseline, past improvements (or lack thereof), current progress towards meeting the objective, and one other research finding related to feasibility of the objective.

Finally, look in Healthy People 2030 to see if a similar or adapted objective has been established. Look at the baseline and target for the new objective. Based on the information you have determined in this section about the feasibility of meeting your selected objective, write a specific statement on whether you believe the new objective is realistic, appropriate, and accurate. Also, make a prediction of the feasibility of the 2030 objective being met. For both statements, provide justification and documentation. If there is no related objective in HP 2030, simply write this statement at the end of this section. “No new objective was established for this area in Healthy People 2030.”

This section should be documented well with all of the HP documents as appropriate (i.e., the HP 2010 Final Review (if your objective was included), the HP 2020 Midcourse Review, and of course, HP 2020). Do not forget to cite the latter!

Here are the links for the two review documents:

· HP 2010 Final Review https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/healthy_people/hp2010/hp2010_final_review.htm

· HP 2020 Midcourse Review https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/healthy_people/hp2020/hp2020_midcourse_review.htm

Within each document, there is a separate chapter for each topic area. Consult that chapter for your objective.

ETHICAL ISSUES

Ethical Principles:

Identify at least

four



specific

core ethical principles related to addressing the underlying disease/condition and/or meeting the objective. These principles should come from the body of 19 principles discussed in class during the “Ethics” section. Other ethical issues that emerged during your research also may be included. However, the four required principles should be directly connected to the ethical theories, concepts, and principles discussed in the course. Describe each principle fully in a separate paragraph. Clearly identify the principle being addressed and its connection to your health issue and objective.

Vulnerable Populations:

Identify at least one major vulnerable population that is disproportionately impacted by the disease/condition. Discuss specific

ethical issues

related to addressing the health issue within this population and meeting the objective with them. Document this discussion with relevant sources.

NOTE: This section is not merely a restatement of the groups you identified in the “Epidemiology” section. Here, you are addressing

ethical

issues and considerations that emerged in your research that may impede the address of this disease/condition within the population and/or affect their ability to meet the stated objective.

CONCLUSION

Summarize the main points of the paper. Offer specific recommendations for future directions on addressing your disease/condition for

both

research and public health practice. Address research and public health recommendations separately. Your recommendations should be based on findings from and information provided in your paper.

Do not

introduce new and additional information here!

REFERENCES

The paper should be properly documented with

all

the sources you used to present your information, and these should appear in the reference list. The reference list begins on a separate page and is called “References” not “Works Cited” or “Bibliography.” The term “References” appears in boldface and is centered. The APA reference list is

alphabetical

, not numerical. The list is consistently double-spaced (without extra spaces between sources) with a hanging indent beginning on the second line. APA requires that

all

in-text citations be listed in references and

all

sources listed in references be cited in-text. So, there should be a one-to-one match between citations and sources.

Go to the APA or Purdue Owl websites to learn how to format sources in APA Style. The format varies according to

type

of source being referenced, so pay attention to this. There is not a “standard” format for all sources.

Grading of the Paper

The following rubric will be used to grade the Term Paper:

Introduction 5 points

History and Development of the Health Issue 20 points

Research Findings 20 points

Improvement Over Baseline 10 points

Ethical Issues 20 points

Conclusion 5 points

References 10 points

Format 5 points

Grammar, Spelling, Punctuation, and Writing 5 points

6

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