Criminal Investigation unit 7 responses 1. Motor vehicle thefts are classified by the perpetrator’s motive or purpose (Orthmann et al., 2017). The major c
Criminal Investigation unit 7 responses 1. Motor vehicle thefts are classified by the perpetrator’s motive or purpose (Orthmann et al., 2017). The major categories of motor vehicle theft are joyriding, transportation, commission of another crime, gang initiation, stripping for parts and accessories, and reselling for profit (Orthmann et al., 2017). Joyriding is the act of taking a vehicle to drive it around for fun and often drive dangerously without regard for any damage caused to it (Orthmann et al., 2017). Transportation refers to the act of stealing a vehicle to travel to another location (Orthmann et al., 2017). The classification of commission of another crime is the act of committing a crime like robbery, kidnapping, burglaries, etc. (Orthmann et al., 2017). Gang initiation could be a result of an auto theft and “putting in the work”. Vehicles can also be stolen to sell the car parts of the vehicle like the transmission, radios, GPS devices, and resell them or the whole car for profit (Orthmann et al., 2017).
A vehicle’s VIN number is the vehicle’s identification number and is used for an identification system due to the high number of vehicles on the road (Orthmann et al., 2017). It is a unique identification number that resembles human DNA, but in cars and is critical in a motor vehicle theft investigations (Orthmann et al., 2017). Some characteristics of a driver driving a stolen vehicle are if they are making sudden stops, driving without the lights on, noticeably fast or slow, or wearing gloves in hot weather (Orthmann et al., 2017). Some characteristics of a stolen car would be only having one or no license plate, instead of two (Orthmann et al., 2017). Plates that are put on using strings or other flimsy methods that are not screws can indicate minimal time to switch out original plates on a stolen vehicle (Orthmann et al., 2017). Abandoned vehicles, tampered ignition switch, and a broken steering column would raise suspicion. An investigator would attempt to get the VIN and match the details with the vehicle. They would also attempt to search for other documents relating to the owner of the vehicle such as registration, insurance, etc. Searching for fingerprints, hair, blood, and other forms of trace evidence in the stolen vehicle would help find a perpetrator.
2. Motor vehicle theft’s are classified by the thief’s motive or purpose. Motor vehicle theft falls into different categories. Those categories include joyriding, transportation, commission of another crime, gang initiation, stripping for parts accessories, and reselling for profit (Hess, 2017, p. 492).
Motor vehicle identification, a vehicles VIN number is important to investigators. The VIN is a non-duplicated number assigned by a manufacturer to each vehicle made. This number identifies the specific vehicle in question. The VIN of vehicle is known as the automotive equivalent of a human DNA. There are no identical VIN numbers.
Just like other crimes a suspicious nature can alert an officer to detect motor vehicle theft. To recognize stolen vehicles, you can develop a checking system to determine what vehicle was stolen, learn the characteristics of a stolen vehicles and car thieves, keep up-to-date with the most frequent stolen vehicles in your area, check suspicious persons or vehicles, and learn how to question suspicious drivers and occupants (Hess, 2017, p. 498). More obvious characteristics are a potential car thief on foot typically appears nervous. Characteristics of a driver of a stolen car include sudden jerks or stops, driving without lights or excessively fast or slowly, wearing gloves in hot weather, and attempting to avoid or out run a scar a squad car. Characteristics of a stolen vehicle include having one license plate when two are required. Having old plates with new screws, expired registration.
An investigator would process a stolen vehicle at a crime scene by examining the vehicle for evidence. Thoroughly document vehicle as it is seen. This includes the exterior and interior such as ignition, dash, glove box, rear seat, and trunk area. Lastly, obtaining fingerprints to identify a person/suspect.
3. The major categories of motor vehicle theft is joyride, transportation, gang initiation, stripping for parts and accessories,commission of another crime and reselling for profit. Joyriding occurs when someone takes a car for a drive to run. This can be reckless and the person behind the wheel may not know the consequences of it. Transportation can involve a hitch hiker or a runaway receiving riding from a stranger without any cost. Commission of another crime is when a stolen vehicle is used as a getaway car for crimes like robberies. Another way a car can be stolen is through a Gang initiation. Stripping for parts and accessories is simply when a stolen vehicle is used for their parts to sell to buyers. Lastly reselling a person pretending to be a buyer to sell the unattended vehicle. The vin for a vehicle stands for vehicle identification number. This helps the investigators to track or look for a missing car. It also gives specific information about the vehicle like the manufacturer and features. So a vehicle cannot be cloned because all vehicles can’t have the same vin. Vin can be used to track warranty claims ,thefts and insurance coverages. If a vehicle has been stolen investigators can use the automatic license plate readers. These scans hundreds of plates to determine if it was stolen. They can also recognize if a vehicle is stolen through hot sheets, reports of an abandoned vehicle or a suspicious driver. Investigators will examine the stoke or abandoned car to see if there is anything a patrol officer may miss and protect until specialists arrive.
4. When looking at motor vehicle thefts they are broken up into 6 major categories being joyriding, transportation, commission of another crime, gang initiation, stripping for parts, and reselling for profit. Joyriding is when someone steals a car purely for the adrenaline rush and excitement that follows, this usually tends to be someone younger. Transportation is when people steal a car for the purpose of traveling and not having to pay for the distance. Usually, people tend to keep the vehicles for a longer time. The commission of another crime which means that someone steals a car to aid them while they are committing a different crime. The gang initiation is the idea of a gang requiring a new member to steal a car in order to be allowed in. Stripping a car for parts and accessories is when someone steals a car and takes it apart to resell the different pieces. Reselling is just that the idea that someone steals the car to illegally sell it to make money. A vehicle’s VIN number is a number assigned by the manufacture that allows the car to be traced as a specific vehicle. It is so important to investigators because it is a way for them to track specific vehicles. So, if a car is stolen and resold the VIN number if not changed can allow investigators to find it. Ways a vehicle can be spotted as stolen are by running the plate and seeing it come up as stolen or possibly seeing elements that it was used in a crime like bullet holes on the vehicle. An investigator can process a stolen vehicle crime scene by taking down vital information like when and where it was stolen, the license plate and make of the car, which way they headed, and if there were any cameras.
5. Motor vehicle theft is the act of driving away or taking a car without the consent of the owner. There are six major categories of motor vehicle theft. The six major categories of motor vehicle theft are transportation, joyriding, commision of another crime, gang inititian, stripping for parts and accesories, and reselling for profit. A VIN number is a serialized number used to identinfy an automobile. A different number is assigned to each vehicle. This number is important to investigators because it helps them identify the owner of the vehicle. To recognize a stolen vehicle, you can search up the VIN number by using VINCheck tool that provided bythe National Insurance Crime Bureau.