Dicussion Boards 250 words After reading chapter 13 of your textbook (Mooney, Knox, and Schacht, 2017) and watching the documentary, how would you explain

Dicussion Boards 250 words

After reading chapter 13 of your textbook (Mooney, Knox, and Schacht, 2017) and watching the documentary, how would you explain

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Dicussion Boards 250 words

After reading chapter 13 of your textbook (Mooney, Knox, and Schacht, 2017) and watching the documentary, how would you explain the impact of business on the environment? Next, provide 2 examples of the pros of technology and 2 examples of the cons. How has technology (e.g. use of computers, cell phones, social media) impacted the way you interact and communicate with others? Why do sociologists see these changes as both challenging and innovative? 

Heres video https://youtu.be/CtrF4QAVjyM Chapter 14

Science and Technology

Mooney/Knox/Schacht, Understanding Social Problems, 10th Edition. © 2017 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

Chapter 14: Science and Technology

“We have arranged things so that almost no one understands science and technology. This is a prescription for disaster. We might get away with it for a while, but sooner or later this combustible mixture of ignorance and power is going to blow up in our faces.”

—Carl Sagan, astronomer and astrobiologist

Mooney/Knox/Schacht, Understanding Social Problems, 10th Edition. © 2017 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

Learning Objectives

List features of the Technological Revolution.

Identify implications for technology use on human society for each sociological theory.

Describe and give examples of the ways in which technology transforms aspects of the human experience.

Assess the positive and negative effects of science and technology on society.

Evaluate social strategies for mitigating the negative effects of technology.

Mooney/Knox/Schacht, Understanding Social Problems, 10th Edition. © 2017 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

Chapter Outline

The Global Context: The Technological Revolution

Sociological Theories of Science and Technology

Technology and the Transformation of Society

Societal Consequences of Science and Technology

Strategies for Action: Controlling Science and Technology

Understanding Science and Technology

Mooney/Knox/Schacht, Understanding Social Problems, 10th Edition. © 2017 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

Science and Technology

Mooney/Knox/Schacht, Understanding Social Problems, 10th Edition. © 2017 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

Introduction (1 of 2)

Technological dualism

the tendency for technology to have both positive and negative consequences.

Science

The process of discovering, explaining, and predicting natural or social phenomena.

Technology

Activities that apply the principles of science and mechanics to the solutions of a specific problem.

Mooney/Knox/Schacht, Understanding Social Problems, 10th Edition. © 2017 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

Introduction (2 of 2)

Mechanization

Dominant in an agricultural society, the use of tools to accomplish tasks previously done by hand.

Automation

Dominant in an industrial society, the replacement of human labor with machinery and equipment that is self-operating.

Cybernation

Dominant in a postindustrial society; the use of machines to control other machines.

Mooney/Knox/Schacht, Understanding Social Problems, 10th Edition. © 2017 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

The Global Context: The Technological Revolution (1 of 7)

The world is a much smaller place than it used to be, and it will become even smaller as the technological revolution continues.

In 2012, the Internet had 2.4 billion users in more than 200 countries with 245 million users in the United States.

Mooney/Knox/Schacht, Understanding Social Problems, 10th Edition. © 2017 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

The Global Context: The Technological Revolution (2 of 7)

The world was a much smaller place in the 1800s when the Pony Express was the only method to communicate with far-away friends and family. Today, a number of technological innovations make communication between individuals or groups instantaneous. Pictured here is an Apple Watch that acts as a conduit to the Apple iPhone.

Mooney/Knox/Schacht, Understanding Social Problems, 10th Edition. © 2017 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

The Global Context: The Technological Revolution (3 of 7)

Although the penetration rate, i.e., the percentage of people who have access to and use the Internet in a particular area, is higher in industrialized countries, there is some movement toward the Internet becoming a truly global medium as Africans, Middle Easterners, and Latin Americans increasingly “get online.”

For example, although Internet use in the United States grew 152 percent between 2000 and 2013, the number of Internet users in Nigeria increased by 33,560 percent during the same time period.

Mooney/Knox/Schacht, Understanding Social Problems, 10th Edition. © 2017 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

The Global Context: The Technological Revolution (4 of 7)

The United States leads the world in science and technology, although there is some evidence that we are falling behind.

For example, a report by the World Economic Forum compares information and communication technologies (I C T s) across countries using a networked readiness index (N R I). The N R I is composed of four subsections:

(1) the quality and quantity of the environment of I C T s (e.g., political environment, regulatory environment)

(2) I C T s, readiness (e.g., affordability)

(3) I C T s, usage (e.g., individual, business)

(4) the impact of I C T s (e.g., social,economic)

Mooney/Knox/Schacht, Understanding Social Problems, 10th Edition. © 2017 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

The Global Context: The Technological Revolution (5 of 7)

Figure 14.1 Average Hours Spent on Social Media Daily, Selected Countries, 2015

Source: Kemp 2015.

Mooney/Knox/Schacht, Understanding Social Problems, 10th Edition. © 2017 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

The Global Context: The Technological Revolution (6 of 7)

The decline of U.S. supremacy in science and technology is likely to be the result of several interacting forces:

First, the federal government has been scaling back its investment in research and development.

Second, corporations, the largest contributors to research and development, have begun to focus on short-term products and higher profits as pressure from stockholders mounts.

Mooney/Knox/Schacht, Understanding Social Problems, 10th Edition. © 2017 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

The Global Context: The Technological Revolution (7 of 7)

Decline of U.S. Supremacy Cont’d:

Third, developing countries, most notably China and India, are expanding their scientific and technological capabilities at a faster rate.

Fourth, there has been a drop in science and math education in U.S. schools, both in terms of quality and quantity.

S T E M: An acronym for science technology, engineering and mathematics.

Mooney/Knox/Schacht, Understanding Social Problems, 10th Edition. © 2017 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

What Do You Think? 1

One hundred years after the invention of the automobile, a new invention is poised to change society again: the driverless car. Pioneered by Google, early tests indicate that self-driving cars are less prone to accident than those driven by humans (S. Johnson 2015). Convenience for those on long commutes and improved safety, particularly in the age of distracted, cell-phone-wielding drivers, are just a few advantages of the driverless car (The Economist 2015). However, technological automation can also have disadvantages. If driverless cars become commonplace, how do you think they will change society?

Mooney/Knox/Schacht, Understanding Social Problems, 10th Edition. © 2017 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

The Global Context: The Technological Revolution

Mooney/Knox/Schacht, Understanding Social Problems, 10th Edition. © 2017 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

Postmodernism and the Technological Fix

Postmodernism is the view that rational thinking and science are limited in their ability to provide “truths.”

Many people think social problems can be resolved through a technological fix:

A social engineer might approach a water shortage by asking people to use less water.

A technologist would develop new technologies to increase the water supply.

Mooney/Knox/Schacht, Understanding Social Problems, 10th Edition. © 2017 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

Sociological Theories of Science and Technology

Mooney/Knox/Schacht, Understanding Social Problems, 10th Edition. © 2017 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

Structural-Functionalist Perspective

Science fulfills the need for an assumed objective measure of truth.

If society changes too rapidly, problems may emerge.

Cultural lag is a condition in which the material part of culture changes faster than the nonmaterial part.

Mooney/Knox/Schacht, Understanding Social Problems, 10th Edition. © 2017 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

Conflict Perspective

Technological advances are motivated by profit.

Funding of research is determined by dominant groups.

Science and technology also further the interests of dominant groups to the detriment of others.

Finally, conflict theorists as well as feminists argue that technology is an extension of the patriarchal nature of society that promotes the interests of men and ignores the needs and interests of women.

Mooney/Knox/Schacht, Understanding Social Problems, 10th Edition. © 2017 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

Symbolic Interactionist Perspective

Knowledge is relative, it changes over time and between societies.

Scientific “truths” are socially constructed and result from interactions between scientists, researchers, and the public.

Who becomes involved in what aspects of science and technology is socially defined.

Mooney/Knox/Schacht, Understanding Social Problems, 10th Edition. © 2017 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

Technology and the Transformation of Society

Mooney/Knox/Schacht, Understanding Social Problems, 10th Edition. © 2017 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

Technology and the Workplace

Some technology lessens the need for supervisors and makes control by employers easier.

Technology can also make workers more accountable by gathering information about their performance.

Technology is also changing the location of work.

Telecommuting has increased as the result of several interacting social forces over time.

Mooney/Knox/Schacht, Understanding Social Problems, 10th Edition. © 2017 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

What Do You Think? 2

Unoccupied aerial vehicles, also known as drones, are quickly becoming a popular form of robotics technology. The Federal Aviation Administration (F A A) predicts that private drones will be a $90 billion industry within the next decade (Public Broadcasting Service 2015). As the technology becomes more affordable, the use of drones will become more commonplace, for example, in package delivery, photography and filmmaking, agriculture, law enforcement, and recreation. Critics warn, however, that the lag in regulations regarding drone use will soon cause criminal and safety concerns. What restrictions, if any, do you think should be placed on the private use of drones?

Mooney/Knox/Schacht, Understanding Social Problems, 10th Edition. © 2017 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

Technology and the Workplace (1 of 2)

Robotic technology has also revolutionized work.

Ninety percent of robots work in factories, and more than half of these are used in heavy industry, such as automobile manufacturing.

Technology has also changed the nature of work.

Mooney/Knox/Schacht, Understanding Social Problems, 10th Edition. © 2017 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

Technology and the Workplace (2 of 2)

Automation means that machines can now perform the labor originally provided by human workers, such as robots performing tasks on automobile assembly lines.

Mooney/Knox/Schacht, Understanding Social Problems, 10th Edition. © 2017 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

The Computer Revolution

Americans are more likely to use computers at home rather than at work.

As with computer use in general, computer use in these two locations is associated with demographic variables.

With the exception of age (computer use at home is highest for 18- to 34-year-olds, whereas computer use at work is highest for 35- to 44-year-olds), computer use at home and at work follows the same pattern of overall computer use.

Mooney/Knox/Schacht, Understanding Social Problems, 10th Edition. © 2017 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

Information and Communication Technology and the Internet (1 of 7)

Information and communication technology, or I C T, refers to any technology that carries information.

The concept of an “information society” dates back to the 19 50s, when an economist identified a work sector he called “the production and distribution of knowledge.”

In 19 58, 31 percent of the labor force was employed in this sector—today, more than 50 percent is.

Mooney/Knox/Schacht, Understanding Social Problems, 10th Edition. © 2017 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

Information and Communication Technology and the Internet (2 of 7)

The internet is the international information infrastructure (a network of networks) available through universities, research institutes, government agencies, and businesses.

The most recent advancement in Internet technology is the Internet of Things (I o T), in which nearly every device with an on-off switch can be connected to the Internet.

Mooney/Knox/Schacht, Understanding Social Problems, 10th Edition. © 2017 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

Information and Communication Technology and the Internet (3 of 7)

E-commerce is the buying and selling of goods and services over the Internet.

Online sales represent nearly half of all U.S. sales with books and magazines followed by clothing, computer hardware, and computer software being the most common online purchases

Mooney/Knox/Schacht, Understanding Social Problems, 10th Edition. © 2017 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

Information and Communication Technology and the Internet (4 of 7)

Health and Digital Medicine

The Internet acts as the third most likely source of health information preceded only by health professionals, and friends or family members

Interestingly, sociologically, there is a “social life” to health information on the Internet. It is not uncommon for people to share their health stories, post symptoms and diagnoses, and otherwise provide peer-to-peer health support.

Mooney/Knox/Schacht, Understanding Social Problems, 10th Edition. © 2017 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

Information and Communication Technology and the Internet (5 of 7)

The Search for Knowledge and Information:

The Internet, perhaps more than any other technology, is the foundation of the information society.

There is concern, however, that the very way in which the “Google generation” reads, thinks, and approaches problems has been altered by the new technology.

The Semantic Web, sometimes referred to as Web 3.0, entails not only pages of information but also pages that describe the interrelationship between the pages of information resulting in “smart media”

Mooney/Knox/Schacht, Understanding Social Problems, 10th Edition. © 2017 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

Information and Communication Technology and the Internet (6 of 7)

Politics and e-Government

Technology is changing the world of politics. The number of registered voters who used social media to follow political candidates doubled from 2010 to 2014, and more than 40 percent of registered voters aged 18 to 29 say that they use mobile technology to follow political news.

Mooney/Knox/Schacht, Understanding Social Problems, 10th Edition. © 2017 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

Information and Communication Technology and the Internet (7 of 7)

Social Networking and Blogging

Social network sites (e.g., Facebook, Twitter) and blogs comprise a sector of the Internet called membership communities. Membership communities have changed in recent years in three substantively significant ways.

First, the number of people who visit membership communities has increased.

Second, the amount of time members spend at a membership community site has grown dramatically.

Finally, who joins membership communities is changing.

Mooney/Knox/Schacht, Understanding Social Problems, 10th Edition. © 2017 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

Science and Biotechnology (1 of 7)

Genetics

Molecular biology has led to a greater understanding of the genetic material found in all cells, D N A, and with it the ability for genetic testing, or the examination of D N A in order to identify abnormalities or alterations that may lead to disease or illness.

Gene therapy involves identifying defective or missing genes to get a healthy duplicate and transplant it to the affected cell.

Mooney/Knox/Schacht, Understanding Social Problems, 10th Edition. © 2017 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

Science and Biotechnology (2 of 7)

Patents on genes by technology companies led to protests across the United States. In 2013, the U.S. Supreme Court found that a corporation cannot own a gene sequence that, if tested, might reveal that a person has a serious disease.

Mooney/Knox/Schacht, Understanding Social Problems, 10th Edition. © 2017 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

Science and Biotechnology (3 of 7)

Food and Biotechnology

Genetic engineering is the ability to manipulate the genes of an organism in such a way that the natural outcome is altered.

Genetically modified (G M) food, also known as genetically engineered food, and genetically modified organisms involve this process of D N A recombination—scientists transferring genes from one plant into the genetic code of another plant.

Most American adults believe that foods grown with pesticides (72 percent) and G M foods are unsafe for human consumption (65 percent), and 92 percent believe the government should require labels that identify food as “genetically modified” or “bio-engineered”.

Mooney/Knox/Schacht, Understanding Social Problems, 10th Edition. © 2017 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

Science and Biotechnology (4 of 7)

Reproductive Technologies:

The evolution of “reproductive science” has been furthered by scientific developments in biology, medicine, and agriculture.

Mooney/Knox/Schacht, Understanding Social Problems, 10th Edition. © 2017 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

Science and Biotechnology (5 of 7)

Abortion: The removal of an embryo or fetus from a woman’s uterus before it can survive on its own.

Several recent legislative initiatives in Congress are intended to restrict or prohibit a woman’s access to a lawful abortion.

For example, many states have enacted laws that require abortion providers to operate hospital-style surgical centers, regulations that will lead to the closure of many clinics.

Mooney/Knox/Schacht, Understanding Social Problems, 10th Edition. © 2017 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

Science and Biotechnology (6 of 7)

Abortion:

Abortion is a complex issue for everyone, but especially for women, whose lives are most affected by pregnancy and childbearing.

Attitudes toward abortion tend to be polarized between two opposing groups of abortion activists—pro-choice and pro-life.

Mooney/Knox/Schacht, Understanding Social Problems, 10th Edition. © 2017 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

Science and Biotechnology (7 of 7)

Therapeutic Cloning

Uses stem cells from human embryos.

Stem cells can produce any type of cell in the human body.

Stem cells have been used for repairing spinal cord injuries in mice, allowing them to walk normally.

To bypass the use of embryonic stem cells altogether, some scientists are using induced pluripotent stem (I P S) cells that mimic many of the scientific properties of embryonic stem cells

Mooney/Knox/Schacht, Understanding Social Problems, 10th Edition. © 2017 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

Societal Consequences of Science and Technology

Mooney/Knox/Schacht, Understanding Social Problems, 10th Edition. © 2017 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

Social Relationships, Social Networking, and Social Interaction (1 of 3)

Technology affects social relationships and the nature of social interaction.

The development of telephones has led to fewer visits with friends and relatives; with the advent of D V R s, cable television, and video streaming, the number of places where social life occurs (e.g., movie theaters) has declined.

Even the nature of dating has changed as computer networks facilitate instant messaging, cyberdates, and “private” chat rooms. As technology increases, social relationships and human interaction are transformed.

Mooney/Knox/Schacht, Understanding Social Problems, 10th Edition. © 2017 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

Social Relationships, Social Networking, and Social Interaction (2 of 3)

Although technology can bring people together, it can also isolate them from each other.

Technology also makes it easier for individuals to live in a cocoon—to be self sufficient in terms of:

finances (e.g., Quicken),

entertainment (e.g., Hulu),

work (e.g., telecommuting),

news (e.g., Twitter),

recreation (e.g., Wii),

shopping (e.g., Amazon),

networking (e.g. LinkedIn),

communication (e.g., e-mail, texting),

family conferences (e.g., Skype),

and many other aspects of social life.

Children who use a home computer “spend much less time on sports and outdoor activities than non-computer users”.

Mooney/Knox/Schacht, Understanding Social Problems, 10th Edition. © 2017 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

Social Relationships, Social Networking, and Social Interaction (3 of 3)

Figure 14.3 Public Assessment of Scientific Research, U.S. Adults, 19 81–2012

Source: N S F 2014.

Mooney/Knox/Schacht, Understanding Social Problems, 10th Edition. © 2017 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

Loss of Privacy and Security

Schools, employers, and the government are increasingly using technology to monitor individuals’ performance and behavior.

In 2014, identity theft was the number-one complaint filed with the Federal Trade Commission for the 15th year in a row.

Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008

A federal law that prohibits discrimination in health coverage or employment based on genetic information.

Mooney/Knox/Schacht, Understanding Social Problems, 10th Edition. © 2017 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

What Do You Think? 3

After a five-year court battle, the European Court of Justice ruled in May 2014 that individuals have the right to determine which details should be associated with their names in Internet searches (Powles and Chaparro 2015). Supporters argue that the ruling protects individual freedoms in an age of encroaching and impersonal technology, while critics argue that the ruling opens the door for harmful censorship—for example, should public officials have the right to remove negative press about themselves? So far, the ruling only applies to European citizens. Do you think “right to forget” laws should be enacted in the United States?

Mooney/Knox/Schacht, Understanding Social Problems, 10th Edition. © 2017 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

Unemployment, Immigration, and Outsourcing

Some technologies replace human workers—robots replace factory workers, word processors displace secretaries and typists, and computer-assisted diagnostics reduce the need for automobile mechanics.

Unemployment rates can also increase when companies outsource (sometimes called off-shore) jobs to lower-wage countries.

Mooney/Knox/Schacht, Understanding Social Problems, 10th Edition. © 2017 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

Societal Consequences of Science and Technology

Figure 14.4 Public Perceptions of Online Privacy and Security, 2014*

Source: Pew 2014c.

*Percent of U.S. adults reporting varied levels of security when sharing information with another trusted person or organization.

Mooney/Knox/Schacht, Understanding Social Problems, 10th Edition. © 2017 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

The Digital Divide (1 of 3)

One of the most significant social problems associated with science and technology is the increased division between the classes.

The fear that technology will produce a “virtual elite” is not uncommon. Several theorists hypothesize that, as technology displaces workers—most notably the unskilled and uneducated—certain classes of people will be irreparably disadvantaged—the poor, minorities, and women.

Mooney/Knox/Schacht, Understanding Social Problems, 10th Edition. © 2017 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

The Digital Divide (2 of 3)

Figure 14.5 Percentage of Households with Access to Internet in 2013, by Region of the World

Source: U N 2014.

Mooney/Knox/Schacht, Understanding Social Problems, 10th Edition. © 2017 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in …

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