Draft see attachment Running Heading: Annotated Bibliography I 1 Thursday, February 20, 2018 Summarize Research today on nursing tur

Draft see attachment Running Heading: Annotated Bibliography I 1

Thursday, February 20, 2018


Research today on nursing tur

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Running Heading: Annotated Bibliography I 1

Thursday, February 20, 2018


Research today on nursing turnover rates are focused on the causes and prevention, but not many studies are geared towards hospitals dealing with the results of nursing turnover rates and shortages. (Havens et al., 2013, 928) Researchers Havens et al argue that increasing work engagement (vigor, dedication, and absorption) can help improve the quality of patient care which can be greatly impacted by nursing shortages. In addition, nurses in the workforce today can be categorized by generation which can help administrations design strategy for enhancement of work engagement. (Havens et al., 2013, 928-929)

Researchers Havens et al. conducted a descriptive, correlational quantitative study. Non-experimental, cross-sectional surveys were distributed to 747 nurses from 5 rural hospitals in Pennsylvania. Each participant was grouped according to their generational cohort (e.g. Veterans, Baby Boomers, Generation X, and Generation Y). (Havens et al., 2013, 929-930) The results showed that work engagement differed throughout cohorts with Veterans as the most engaged and Generation X as the least engaged. (Havens et al., 2013, 935-936)


Little research is done on nurse work engagement and how it may vary across generations, and this study adds knowledge to the existing literature on turnover rates and how to manage with it. In addition, more knowledge on dealing with work engagement in different generations provides a strategy to improve the practice environments at an administrative level. (Havens et al., 2013, 928) The tools that were used in this study included Utrecht Work Engagement Scale (UWES-9), Decisional Involvement Scale (DIS), Relational Coordination Scale (RCS), and Practice Environment Scale of the Nursing Work Index were used, and the Cronbach’s alpha showed they were valid; these tools were also used in previous studies by other researchers. (Havens et al., 2013, 930-931) The researchers all had PhDs which meant they knew how to conduct research. In addition, it included the common elements of a research article such as an introduction, methods, design, results, discussion and conclusion.

Unfortunately, research was conducted on only one state, which makes generalizing the evidence difficult; this is a limitation of the study. And, the level of education of the participants were not tested as well, which can be considered an extraneous variable. (Havens et al., 2013, 936) Overall, the researchers described and compared work engagement at a generational level, provided predictors of work engagement (e.g. tenure, practice environment, relational coordination), and advised on approaches to improve practice environment which is the main predictor across all generations.


More perspective was gained by reading this article. Turnover rates seemed like an impossible issue, but with more engaged nurses the issue doesn’t seem as grave and this study helped me to understand that……. Also, I was planning on discussing the different causes of turnover rates, but with more evidence I will be able to share the effect and possible interventions to high turnover rates; my project will be altogether better-rounded. Overall, the direction of my project is slightly changed but nonetheless the same…………


Sullivan Havens, D., Warshawsky, N. E., & Vasey, J. (2013). RN work engagement in generational cohorts: the view from rural US hospitals. Journal of Nursing Management, 927-939.

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