Elizabeth Loftus Hypothesis what Is her hypothesis? Writing a Scientific Paper Abstract Literature Review/Introduction Method Results Discussion Refe

Elizabeth Loftus Hypothesis what Is her hypothesis? Writing a Scientific Paper

Abstract

Literature Review/Introduction

Method

Results

Discussion

Refe

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what Is her hypothesis?

Writing a Scientific Paper

Abstract

Literature Review/Introduction

Method

Results

Discussion

References

Writing your literature review introduction

The purpose of an introduction is to summarize the scientific literature on your research question or topic.

RQ1: Does the type of eyewitness testimony presented in court influence perceptions of guilt?

Your introduction must have at least 5 scholarly sources and should take 4-5 pages to write.

What are some good search terms for our variables?

“Eyewitness testimony”, “credibility of eyewitnesses”, etc,

Getting to the Library

For this assignment, I’d like you refer back to Lecture Slides: Consuming Research to find scholarly research on eyewitness testimony.

Find at least 5 sources dealing with eyewitness testimony.

Use Outline for an Experiment Paper to guide your writing.

Writing your method section

This section of a primary scholarly article describes how a study is conducted.

Allows readers to judge the reliability/validity of your study.

Allows future researchers to replicate your study.

Three subsections:

1. Participants

Explain the major characteristics of your sample:

# of participants

# of people from each gender

Average and standard deviation age of participants

Explain how participants were recruited

Sampling method

Recruitment method (text? Face-to-face? Social media?)

Compensation?

2. Materials

Describe each survey in-depth.

Name of survey, # of questions

Describe the scale

Give a sample question

3. Design and Procedure

Explain the process of taking the survey.

Participates were encouraged to take the survey at their convenience. After completing an Informed Consent Form…

Explain each research question

Independent variable

Dependent variable

Hypothesis

Formatting

Will immediately follow introduction (do not start a new page).

Method will be bolded and centered.

Keep the same font size

Writing your Results Section

Please refer to the Outline for an Experiment Paper to assist you in writing your results section.

Writing your Discussion Section

The purpose of the discussion is to interpret the importance of your findings in response to the previous literature.

To explain anything new to the general knowledge on the topic.

The most important section

It demonstrates your ability to think critically about the topic.

It presents the big picture importance of your study.

Highlights limitations and future directions.

Components of the Discussion

Reiterate the Research Problem/State the Major Findings (1-2 paragraphs).

Reiterate research question and method

Briefly restate your results.

Explain the Meaning of the Findings and Why They are Important (around 1 page).

Explain your hypothesis and whether your finding supports/refutes it.

Overall meaning of your findings; why it is important.

Components of the Discussion

Consider Alternative Explanations of your results (1-2 paragraphs).

Alternative explanations to your findings (use logic and creativity)

Acknowledge the Study’s Limitations (1-2 paragraphs)..

Explain 1-3 flaws in our study

Make Suggestions for Future Researchers (1-2 paragraphs).

Think about if you could do this study again. Write down 1-3 things that could be done to improve our study.

Small n.

Lack of diversity.

Lack of a- control group.

Failure to control for certain confounds.

Lack of standardized instructions.

Lack of generalizability.

Low reliability/validity.

Use of a correlational design.

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Formatting

Will immediately follow results (do not start a new page).

Discussion will be bolded and centered.

Keep the same font size

Writing your Abstract

It’s the last thing you write but the first section of your paper after the title page.

Write 1-2 sentences summarizing each section of the paper.

Introduction

Problem under investigation, Purpose of Study

Method

Participants, Study Design (IV, DV)

Results

State results

Discussion

Theoretical implications of your results. Conclusions.

Formatting

Will immediately follow the title page (do not start a new page).

Abstract will be bolded and centered.

12pt Times New Roman font.

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