HELP WITH REPLIES DUE IN 20 HOURS DUE IN 20 HOURS ATTACHED You must then read your classmates’ responses. After you have read their responses, you must re


ATTACHED You must then read your classmates’ responses. After you have read their responses, you must re

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You must then read your classmates’ responses. After you have read their responses, you must respond to TWO of your classmates. These are called your PEER RESPONSES. Each Peer Response is worth 10 points and should be 150 – 250 words in length, which is equal to about 0.75 to 1 page of double-spaced writing in Arial, Calibri, or Times New Roman 12-point font in a Word document.


Violation of civil rights has grown rampant over the years. Many rights are violated, and little is done to curb the violation; it is the role of the government and all leaders in a position to help reduce this violation.

It is essential to focus on the counterparts’ actions because government and leaders play a significant role in implementing the rights. Everything discussed has to go through the government to be an entirely accepted right. The government’s actions are essential for protecting those civil rights (Clayton,2018). The government and leaders also investigate the violations of civil rights, so their actions are a crucial focus of the discussions, especially on voters’ rights. Also, sometimes the government commits the violation; therefore, while discussing and analyzing civil rights, it is essential to focus on what the government is doing to punish the violators.

The top-down approach is state-driven as it involves those at the top. It involves discourse that either legitimizes the status quo or justifies a a change. It focuses on the short civil rights movement emphasizing national leaders like Dr Martin Luther King, and John F. Kennedy.

An important element of the civil rights movement involves; segregation in public places ban of discrimination on employment based on race, sex, color, religion, and nationality—acts of non-violent protest, disobedience of civilians, and peaceful demonstrations.


Clayton, D. M. (2018). Black lives matter and the civil rights movement: A comparative analysis of two social movements in the United States. Journal of Black Studies, 49(5), 448-480.


Its important to focus on the actions of the government and leaders when discussing and analyzing civil rights because when individuals notice that the government and their leaders are finally doing something to fix the situation there starts to have a feelings of comfort and that the people are being heard. If there were situations were the people felt like the government would need to step in during a specific situation but they didn’t, if we pay attention to the government we can use our resources to try to get their attention. For example, we can start peaceful protests that will let the government know that they need to do something. Just because the Civil Rights Act was passed, that does not mean that there is not anymore racial inequality. The fight against racial injustice did not end after the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, but the law did allow activists to meet their major goals. The legislation came to be after President Lyndon B. Johnson asked Congress to pass a comprehensive civil rights bill” (Vox). The government officials had to step in and take charge despite the Act that was passed shortly before hand. Looking at the situation in this way would be considered the “top to bottom” approach.


The Opposite way would be considered the “bottom to top” approach which focuses on the activities of the rank and file members of civil rights organizations and the activists operating on the local/ground level. This would mean that instead of looking towards the government, individuals would look at activists and popular leaders of civil rights groups to lean on. There are pros and cons to both of these approaches and I think a mix of both would be good to practice. With the “top to bottom” approach, sometimes key information may be left out on purpose so the public remains unaware. Whereas, if it was up to the activists, they would feel compelled to tell the people everything that they know. Likewise, with the “bottom to top” approach, if the information is coming from activists or leaders of civil rights movements you have to make sure what you are hearing is accurate information.


Vox, L. (2020, December 15). The Civil Rights Act of 1964 did not end the Movement for Equality. ThoughtCo. Retrieved February 13, 2022, from

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